Peterthat he should be Lord and Superior of all the men in the world, that all should obey him, and that he should be the head of the whole Human Race, wherever men should live, and under whatever law, sect, or belief they should be; and he gave him the world for his kingdom and jurisdiction.
For the non-Christian inhabitants of those lands, the same rule applied. This papal donation was a significant argument for title so long as the Catholic Church remained the only spiritual authority in Europe. How does the painting depicting the burning of the idols both reject and affirm the Aztec heritage?
Usually the discovering nation left a memento—a cross, plaque, or perhaps a coat of arms—to signify its claim. However, Pizarro launched an attack, killing thousands of Incas and capturing Atahualpa.
While the conquistadors were encouraged to use an interpreter to read the Requerimiento, it was not absolutely necessary, and in many cases, it was read out to an uncomprehending populace.
Responding to this impeding clerical position, the Requerimiento was issued, providing a religious justification for war against and conquest of the local populations of pre-existing residents, on the pretext of their refusing the legitimate authority of the Kings of Spain and Portugal as granted by the Pope.
Today, Malintzin, commonly known as La Malincheis a very important figure in Mexican history, though interpretations of her actions are a great source of controversy in Mexico. Following a long journey, Columbus landed on the coast of a Caribbean island in what is known today as the Bahamas.
The Inca leader knew what the gold-hungry Spanish were after and offered to pay a ransom by filling the room where he was being held with gold.
If they listen carefully, the Indians will understand and accept what is happening as just; if not, Spain will make war on them. The men who lived in that time obeyed that St. Convert to Christianity or be attacked. Comparing the situation in the Old World and New World: Over the decades that followed, the Spanish killed, conquered, and enslaved people from hundreds of different indigenous groups in the New World, but they were perhaps most interested in the vast riches of the Aztec and Inca empires.
During his first voyage, Columbus traveled to Cuba as well as Hispaniola, the home of present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic. In the thirteenth century Pope Innocent IV suggested that non-Christians possessed the same rights as Christians under natural law.
The true nature of the Spanish Requirement, however, was one of absolution; the symbolic act of reading the document relieved the crown and its agents from legal and moral responsibility for the conquest, enslavement and killing of Native Americans. Ultimately, though, the title conferred by these doctrines was only as good as the military power behind it.
Under that flag of cultural arrogance Europeans could invade and conquer the lands of non-Christians, and they could by right sanctioned by God take the lands of the conquered and make them their own.
Some English writers questioned the origins of American Indians, sometimes concluding that they were remnants of the lost tribes of Israel. In the sixteenth century EnglandHolland, and France would object to this Spanish argument as well.The Spanish conquest of Yucatán, the Spanish conquest of Guatemala, the war of Mexico's west, and the Chichimeca War in northern Mexico expanded Spanish control over territory and indigenous populations.
But not until the Spanish conquest of Peru was the conquest of the Aztecs matched in scope by the victory over the Inca empire in The Americas in the Spanish World Order: The Justification for Conquest in the Seventeenth Century [James Muldoon] on dominicgaudious.net *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Juan de Solorzano Pereira () was a lawyer who spent eighteen years as a judge in Peru before returning to Spain to serve on the Councils of Castile and of the dominicgaudious.net: Considered one of the finest lawyers in Spain, his work, De Indiarum Jure, was the most sophisticated defense of the Spanish conquest of the Americas ever written, and he was widely cited in Europe and the Americas until the early nineteenth dominicgaudious.net: The Spanish discovery and conquest of the Americas had a number of historic consequences.¹ To critics of the conquest of the Americas, the line of adventurers, beginning with Christopher Columbus, who sailed to the West brought with them only death and destruction for the.
The Spanish Defense: Legal Justifications for Conquest. Sources. Papal Donation. Spain proffered three arguments to justify their seizure of the American continents and their subjugation of the native inhabitants: papal donation, discovery, and conquest.
Under papal donation the Spanish crown ’ s lawyers noted that Jesus Christ had given St. Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven. James Muldoon, The Americas in the Spanish World Order: The Justification for Conquest in the Seventeenth Century, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Download